:)nix Marceloknowledge & technology transfer for open- , free- and low cost computer systems.

Operating Systems
Operating Systems
al espaƱol

System Tools

X-Window System (UNIX)

Windows Manager for X - X Win Man
guide to window managers and desktop environments for The X Window System, as used mainly by UNIX operating systems

Compiz Fusion aims to provide an easy and fun-to-use windowed environment, allowing use of the graphics hardware to render each individual window and the entire screen, to provide some impressive effects, speed and usefulness. For use with GNOME and/or KDE.

Enlightenment is a window manager. Enlightenment is a desktop shell. Enlightenment is the building blocks to create beautiful applications.

GUI - Graphical User Interface
KDE general   KDE FreeBSD    KDE for Windows
KDE is a powerful Open Source graphical desktop environment for Unix, Unix-like workstations and Microsoft Windows. KDE's Plasma Desktop offers a beautiful looking desktop that takes complete advantage of modern computing technology. Through the use of visual effects and scalable graphics, the desktop experience is not only smooth but also pleasant to the eye. The looks of KDE Plasma Desktop not only provide beauty, they are also used to support and improve your computer activities effectively, without being distracting. Should you want the power to adjust your desktop to your needs, KDE Plasma Desktop allows you to do so with a few clicks of the mouse: you can add and arrange any number of widgets on your desktop and on your panels, depending on your needs. And if what you are looking for is not available, you can search among the thousands of available widgets online. Likewise, the visual appearance of the desktop can be changed rapidly and easily using visual themes, installed locally or fetched from the Internet.

GNOME offers an easy to understand desktop for your Unix and Unix-like computer. The GNOME 2 was the most used desktop interface un Unix and Linux. GNOME's 3 desktop takes elegance to a new level. We've swept away the clutter and made a simple and easy-to-use desktop that's the most beautiful version ever that includes a new visual theme, a refined new font and carefully crafted animations.
The Activities Overview is the portal to all your computing activities. Quickly accessible using the top-left hot corner or windows key, it provides a single place to access windows, applications and even messages. The dash allows you to see which applications are currently running and the workspace switcher can be used to group windows. Many special functions are developed on Linux without similar function on Unix. Actual many GNOME users changing to the Mate Desktop.

MATE is a desktop environment forked from the now-unmaintained code base of GNOME 2. The name derives from a beverage called mate from subtropical South America. The renaming is necessary to avoid conflicts with GNOME 3 components.
MATE is a fork of GNOME 2 which was deprecated to make way for GNOME 3 development. It continues that long tradition of providing an intuitive and attractive desktop environment, but brings a much needed overhaul in both back and front-end functionality. The desktop still uses the much loved Applications, Places and System menus, so users familiar with that will feel right at home! MATE is bringing the GNOME 2 desktop into the modern era with new functions and features, like the system control center overhaul.

The Lumina Desktop Environment is a lightweight system interface that is designed for use on any Unix-like operating system. On the technical side, Lumina is created/distributed under the 3-clause BSD license, allowing it to be used by anyone, anywhere (including in proprietary distributions). It has been written from scratch in C++/Qt5 graphical toolkit and not the KDE-based variant of Qt. It also does not use any of the (Linux-based) desktop frameworks (ConsoleKit, PolicyKit, D-Bus, systemd, etc..), instead using a simple built-in interface layer for communicating directly with the operating system.

Xfce focuses on being a lightweight, yet fully functional desktop for UNIX-like operating systems. It aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. The desktop has a traditional menu for accessing your applications, but also a handy dock for quick access to running programs as well as your favourites. It also comes with various useful applets that can be added to the panel like Clipman, Mail Watcher, Trash and Weather Update, just to name a few. Xfce has a great configuration manager, letting you tweak many aspects of the desktop.

LXDE is a free and open source desktop environment for Unix and other POSIX compliant platforms, such as Linux or BSD. The goal of the project is to provide a desktop environment that is fast and energy efficient. The name LXDE stands for "Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment". LXDE is designed to work well with computers on the low end of the performance spectrum such as older resource-constrained machines, new generation netbooks, and other small computers, especially those with low amounts of RAM.

Terminal Multiplexer
with various windows
tmux is a terminal multiplexer on various windows without use of X-window. Tmux is a software application that can be used to multiplex several virtual consoles, allowing a user to access multiple separate terminal sessions inside a single terminal window or remote terminal session. It is useful for dealing with multiple programs from a command-line interface, and for separating programs from the Unix shell that started the program. tmux is distributed under a BSD license.

2015 project uniXMarcelo
, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic